Medical tests that pro football players go through

“The player will be signed, subject to a medical.” We hear these words every time a new player is added to the squad. A lot of money is invested in modern day football and clubs do not want to take a risk with the physical state of the player. Therefore a medical needs to be conducted before putting pen to paper. What exactly goes on during this medical? Not many people know the answer to this. Let us take you through a ‘medical.’


Medical History

The medical history of the player will give the club doctor more than just a brief understanding of his past. The doctor will check the player’s family history for hereditary conditions and inspect injuries that recur. In case of a foreign player, his agent or interpreter needs to be present.


Physical Examination

A doctor will examine all muscles and joints, and evaluate the assortment of motions by equating it with standard values. This musculoskeletal system check is very integral to assess as it gives the medical staff an insight into the players physical limitations.


Routine Examination

Here the physical elements of the player are recorded, including weight, body fat, height, lung capacity, pulse rate and blood pressure. Vision, hearing and dental health are checked as well. This is key to get a better understanding of the player’s fitness levels.



An MRI scan is conducted if the player has had a past injury. The club’s medical staff is aware about the injury recurring, therefore they make sure they know the extent of the damage. This can be done by conducting an MRI scan.


Blood Tests

The health of the player is of prime importance and no stone can be left unturned in this case. So, if a players complains about not feeling too well, a blood test needs to be conducted to try and determine the likely cause.


Heart Examination

With the recent history of players collapsing on the field of play due to cardiac arrests and other heart related issues, it is key to assess the heart during the medical. An electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram are usually undertaken to rule out cardiac abnormalities.

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